Stress injuries may also be caused by sitting on a bicycle for too long. The stress is more than the body can take over a long period. For example, if you ride for too many kilometres or complete too many intense kilometres (e.g. during mountain climbing or cycling at high speed). Incorrect bicycle settings can also lead to problems. Persons with a particular body shape, e.g. a significant difference in leg length or a wide pelvis, will be more susceptible.
Pain on the outside (tennis elbow) or inside (golfers elbow) of the elbow is caused by frequent rotational movements. Mountain bikers suffer with this because they regularly change speeds and brake. This occurs in competitive cycling among people who ride with tense, stretched arms.
Pain after, during, at the start or during rest in particular parts of the body
Stop exercising and cool the area with ice. Refer the sports person to a doctor so that the injury can be monitored.
- Have your bicycle set up for you in a specialised shop. They will ergonomically position your saddle, handlebars and brakes.
- Change your position regularly, stand up on your bicycle regularly and relax your back muscles every now and then.
- Avoid shocks by wearing gloves
- Make sure your hands are positioned properly: change your position and relax your hands, wrists and upper body regularly.
- Always cycle in a low gear ratio