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The basic principles of sports nutrition


Any athlete can use food to improve his or her performance during training sessions and competition, to promote the body’s recovery, to stay in good health and to strive for an optimum body composition. You get all the energy you need to exercise from what you eat and drink. So it is vital that you consume the right nutrients at the right time.

Every meal combines ingredients that are composed of various nutrients. Carbohydrates, protein, fats and water are the fuel and building blocks of our body. Vitamins and minerals , meanwhile, are indispensable for our body’s resistance and functions. All these nutrients are vital for a healthy body. They cannot be substituted with one another, or only to a limited extent and only in some cases and the body is incapable of producing them itself.

The amount of energy you require is determined by your build and your level of physical activity. The larger and more muscular you are and the more you move, the more energy you will need. The energy you consume while exercising is expressed in kilocalories (kcal). You need these kcals to exercise, as well as for your daily activities. Food is the only way the body can get energy.


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